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PSIR 1B References: Important Books and Articles

The study of optional demands a rich study. And although the standard notes are there, sometimes they are not sufficient. Additionally, there is also a dynamic aspect of the subject that is either too vast to too changing to put in notes. Hence, we are presenting a list of standard books and articles on each topic that can be referred to. We will also try to include the review of the book/article from an exam perspective.

Important Books

1) Modern Indian History

UPSC PSIR Reference books 1

History of Modern India

An overview of modern Indian history is very much needed to prepare PSIR 1B section. Apart from contributing to 1st topic of this section, this book also helps to understand the background of Indian politics. A must-read for the students of UPSC and PSIR in particular.

Subhas Kashyap on Indian Constitution
The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution
INDIAN POLITY by M Laxmikant

3) Indian Politics

The Oxford Companion to Politics in India: Student Edition

4) Other Important Books

NCERT Indian Economic Development.
NCERT Politics in India since independence

Important Articles


Given that current affairs is constantly changing, the list of articles here needs to be relevant. Thus, we need your help. If you come across an article that you feel is closely related to our PSIR syllabus or helps us answer any of the PYQ, please suggest it in the comment section. We’ll add such suggestions to the list.

1] Indian Nationalism:
A] Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle: Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non- cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and Revolutionary Movements, Peasant and Workers Movements
B] Perspectives on Indian National Movement; Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical Humanist and Dalit

The topic is mostly static. Hence books are sufficient as a source.

2] Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; Different social and political perspectives

Similar to the first, this topic is also largely static.

3] Salient Features of the Indian Constitution :

3.1) The Preamble

3.2) Uniform Civil Code

3.3) Fundamental Rights, Duties & Directive Principle of State Policy

3.4) Parliamentary System & Amendment Procedures

3.5) Judicial Review & Basic Structure doctrine

3.6) Constitutional Morality

4A] Principal Organs of the Union Government : Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court 
4B] Principal Organs of the State Government : Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts
4.1) Legislature
4.2) Judiciary
4.3) Executive

5] Grassroots Democracy : Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; Significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements
5.1) Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government

5.2) Grassroot Movement

Throttled at the Grass Roots

by T R Raghunandan,  former Joint Secretary, Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. 

The article talks about how despite 32 lakh representatives getting elected every 5 years at the Panchayat level, a little has changed. The local governments suffer from a lack of funds, or insufficient manning, and irregular elections. The author suggests how improving gramsabhas and local taxation will help to solve the problem of funding and increase accountability, reducing corruption.

6] Statutory Institutions/Commissions :

6.1) Election Commission & Election Issues

6.2) Comptroller and Auditor General

6.3) Finance Commission

6.4) Union Public Service Commission

6.5) National Commission for Scheduled Castes 

6.6) National Commission for Scheduled Tribes 

6.7) National Commission for Women

6.8) National Human Rights Commission 

6.9) National Commission for Minorities

6.10) National Backward Classes Commission

7] Federalism : Constitutional provisions; Changing nature of centre-state relations; Integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; Inter-state disputes

7.1) Regionalism

7.2) Federalism in India

7.3) Center State Disputes

7.4) Center State finance relations

8] Planning and Economic development :

8.1) Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives

8.2) Role of planning and public sector

8.3) Green Revolution 

8.4) Land reforms and agrarian relations

8.5) liberalisation and economic reforms

9] Caste, religion and ethnicity in Indian Politics

9.1) Caste, religion and ethnicity in Indian Politics

9.2) Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh [RSS]

10] Party System :

10.1) National and regional political parties 

10.2) Ideological and social bases of parties

10.3) Patterns of coalition politics

10.4) Pressure groups

10.5) Trends in electoral behaviour

10.6) Changing socio-economic profile of Legislators

11] Social Movement :

11.1) Civil liberties and human rights movements

11.2) Women’s movements

11.3) Environmentalist movements

Posted in PSIR 1B

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Can u please explain the meaning of “derivative discourse”?


I don’t know how to thank you because you have made lives easier for so many people here


15 Aug 2021 The hindu contains several imp articles from Irfan Habib, Vice president, Rajeev bhargav