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Environmental Movements

Environmental movements in India revolve around two issues of development and democracy. Environmental movement around the world has challenged the model of development. In case of India, environmental movements are the movements led by the weakest sections of society. The major participants are tribals and people whose life is depended on nature.
India has a long history of environmental movements. The tribal revolts against British Rule were some of the earliest environmental movements.

One of the noted environmentalist in India, Ramchandra Guha has made comparison between environmentalists in global north and south. Environmentalist movements in Western countries is led by the scientists whereas the movements in South is led by poor and ignorants. Environmentalism in North is full stomach whereas environmentalism in South is empty stomach. We have to salute the fighting spirit of tribal in Odissa, who dared to challenge global giants like Vedanta & POSCO. Indian environmental movement challenges the development strategy of the Indian state.

Additional References

1. In the comment section, Arbaz has mentioned 4 important environmental movements in India. Please refer (click here)

2. Evolution of Global Environmental Movement

3. Environmental Movement in India

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1. Chipko Movement Year: 1973 Place: In Chamoli district and later at Tehri-Garhwal district of Uttarakhand. Leaders: Sundarlal Bahuguna, Gaura Devi, Sudesha Devi, Bachni Devi,  Aim: The main objective was to protect the trees on the Himalayan slopes from the axes of contractors of the forest. The women of Advani village of Tehri-Garhwal tied the sacred thread around trunks of trees and they hugged the trees, hence it was called the ‘Chipko Movement’ or ‘hug the tree movement’. The then state Chief Minister, Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna set up a committee to look into the matter, which eventually ruled in favour… Read more »


Thank bro


Sir when will you update the notes?


Please read Present and past of Environmentalism by RC Guha in The Hindu 2013

Last edited 3 years ago by pushkar070gtin
Klaus Kaushal

just a suggestion: Please add a post script to the pages if the topic is not fully covered
thank you


There is no information about the Chipko Movement or Apiko Movement, or any other movements in detail

Is the above content sufficient


Shubhra ranjan mam notes
Batch- Dec 2018 to April 2019


When will that future come? It’s already more than a year!


When will that future come, its been two years now.

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