1] Comparative Politics : Nature and major Approaches; Political economy and political sociology perspectives; Limitations of the comparative method
2] State in comparative perspective : Characteristics and changing nature of State in capitalist and socialist economies, and advanced industrial and developing societies
State in comparative perspective
3] Politics of representation and participation : Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies
Politics of representation and participation
4] Globalisation : Responses from developed and developing societies
5] Approaches to the study of international relations : Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalists and Systems theory
1) Introduction to International Relations
2) Realist School
3) Realism QA
4) Liberalism school
5) Marxist School (World Systems Theory, Gramscian & Critical school )
6) Social Constructivist Theory (Social constructivism, Post modernism, Post colonialism)
7) Positivist Approaches (Systems theory by Kaplan, Game Theory)
6] Key concepts in international relations : National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence, Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation
1) Balance of Power
2) Collective Security
5) National Interest, Security Dilemma, Transnational actors, Hegemonic Stability Theory
7] Changing International Political Order :
A] Rise of superpowers; Strategic and ideological bipolarity, arms race and cold war; Nuclear threat
B] Non Aligned Movement : Aims and achievements
C] Collapse of the Soviet Union : Unipolarity and American Hegemony; Relevance of Non-Alignment in the contemporary world
1) Cold War & US – USSR bipolarity
2) Arms race during cold war & India & the arms race
3) Nuclear Question
4) Global Nuclear Security Architecture
5) Non Aligned Movement 1
6) Non Aligned Movement 2
7) US Hegemony
8) Non Alignment in contemporary world
8] Evolution of International economic systems : From Bretton woods to WTO; Socialist economies and CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third world demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy
International Economic System
9] United Nations : Envisaged role and actual record; Specialised UN agencies – Aims and functioning; need for UN reforms
1) United Nations
2) India and UN peacekeeping
3) Responsibility to Protect (R2P)
10] Regionalisation of world politics : EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA
1) Regionalisation of world politics
11] Contemporary Global Concerns : Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation
1) Human Rights (Also refer ‘Rights‘ topic in section 1A)
5) Nuclear Proliferation (Refer topic 7-> Nuclear Question)
How I can purchase this section..Paper 2A in paper form .
This notes PSIR optional paper sufficient………sir and current affairs additional
Paper2 is dynamics , so before the exam it should be updated and exam oriented
Please check our latest articles on the Home Page and also on next few pages. It certainly can be improved further with current affairs, but for now please also refer to other sources for the purpose.
Brother why are u not updating the ir current affairs section. LAST article u posted was way back in 2021.You are doing great work in this field. Wish you a single digit rank because you’re such hardworking u will definitely do it.:)
Hey brother this is an amazing platform for PSIR…Just a doubt…Are these Notes Enough…or more value addition required?…Like do we still have to look in those
yellow booklets of Shubhra mam ??
these are the exact copy paste of shubhra ranjan original notes.
sir i am reading this content according to syllbus wise so that none of the topic miss after reading this all and undestanding the cocept how and what can be good for next step that we revise those thing again or start writing some previous year question so that at least somehow we able to start attending qustion …?
I’ve answered the Pratik, here on this page a similar question. I will repeat the same thing. I would suggest going through the reading of all 4 sections at first. It gives a comprehensive idea about the syllabus. It can be followed by a 2nd revision. After that, we are expected to get enough maturity to figure things out. I mean, refer PYQs after that, and try to make notes complete or add other resources to the preparation wherever you feel things can be added. Especially for 1B and 2B. It should not be much though. Once your notes are… Read more »
sir i have completed psir paper 1a from your notes…Thank you soooooo much sir for these awesome notes. Sir can please guide me how and what should i do next?? I have very confused please guide me sir…and sir i am unable to start answer writing as well.
Thank you so much…. My attempt is in 2022
I would suggest going through the reading of all 4 sections at first. It gives a comprehensive idea about the syllabus. It can be followed by a 2nd revision. After that, we are expected to get enough maturity to figure things out. I mean, refer PYQs after that, and try to make notes complete or add other resources to the preparation wherever you feel things can be added. Especially for 1B and 2B. It should not be much though. Once your notes are clear, just try practising answer writing. It’s an art, so it takes time to perfect. Give it… Read more »
Ok sir thank you so much
One more thing…for paper 1B what in addition should i refer..like Indian polity by m laxmikant??
Laxmikant can certainly help in Prelims. But for GS 2 and specifically for PSIR 1B, I would suggest using ‘Our Constitution’ by Subhash Kashyap as one of the good book. This obviously needs to be coupled with notes on the website and reading of current affairs.
Hello Sir, do you have any prog for PSIR PYQ with answers
Not at the moment Kiran. BUt we’re developing a model answer book for PSIR PYQs 2013-2020. Hopefully it will be ready in a month or so.
Is it ready now
It will be launched on 15th October 2021.
is it ready now sir?
There is slight change actually. Please join our telegram channel to stay updated. https://telegram.me/joinchat/QuE1T-j8uG0zYmZl
Sir Democracy in Topic 11 is missing. please clarify
We’ve not provided a separate topic for it. Static part is mostly covered under 2A – Topic 3 – Politics of representation and participation & 1A – Topic 6 – Democracy.
For current affairs, we’ll try to cover it in IR current affairs program, but also try to prepare from your end.
discuss the significance and urgency of un security council reforms. explain the relevance of reform proposals made by un security general antonio guterres for developing countries
What second part of this question is all about? There is nothing like Antonio Guterres reforms in notes!!
Hy sir, ur notes are good. Sir i cannot find feminist theory
plz refer https://politicsforindia.com/feminism/
I really would like to thanks you sir from bottom of my heart .
The notes that you are providing us without any cost , it really worth a lot.
sir , is this notes are sufficient for optional or there is a requirement for including extra books like notes of shubhra ranjan ma’am…
Yes, I can certainly say that the notes are complete – especially for section 1A and 2A. For 1B & 2B, you should refer current affairs as well.
Thanks a lot for this notes….
appreciate all your hard work..
9.UN – Is it complete … becuse you have included Paper – 2B parts also
And no details about specialized agencies
Based on PYQs, I think we can add ICJ and ECOSOC. We’ll try to add them in future. Thank you for pointing out.
Paper2 section b 11 democracy not added.
Democracy topic, actually can be studied from Paper 1A_6 Democracy and Paper 2A_3 Politics of Participation and RepresentationAnd the remaining part is expected from current national / international happenings. This is the reason, we have not explicitly added the article on the same. Any development, we will try to cover in IR Current Affairs.
Thank you PI for your incredible work
Hi admin, is there any answer checking program of yours?
At present we’re introducing peer-reviewed answer writing by this weekend. For teacher reviewed test series, it will take some more time.
Sir plz,, inform me,, whenever it start
ADD ON TOPIC State in Comparative Perspectives = Nature of state in capitalist economies
your content is very good . but it seeks some updation …
in Indian political thought = Sri Aurobindo add what is views on cultural
nationalism and his views on swarajya .
Topic Rights = add what is three generation of rights and doctrine of
rights as trumps and what is cultural imperialism.
TOPIC Theory of Justice = add what is social justice , political justice , economic justice , legal justice , what is rule of law , also add Distributive justice + substantive justice + procedural justice
Topic 1 -> comparative politics
Systems approach of David Easton and Structural functional approach of Gabriel Almond is missing. Please update it
Yes Kishore. Thank you for your suggestion. We had purposefully kept the topic late since UPSC have not asked question on same in recent past (2016-19). But we will update it very soon.
topic no 9 United Nations = its link is not opening . and please update UN peacekeeping
Thank you for noticing it Akash. We’ve fixed the error and the link is working now. We are also working on your other suggestions and content will be added very soon.