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PSIR 1A: Political Theory.

  • Collection of more than 3200 Previous Year Questions (1995-2023)
  • All questions divided into 10 Subjects
  • Subject further sub-divided into more than 75 topics
  • All answers according to official answer key

1] Political Theory: meaning and approaches
     Political Theory: meaning and approaches

2] Theories of state : Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist, Pluralist, post-colonial and Feminist
     1) Theories of State: Introduction
     2) Liberal theory of State
     3) Neo-liberal theory of State
     4) Marxist theory of State
     5) Pluralist theory of State
     6) Postcolonial theory of State
     7) Feminist theory of State

3] Justice : Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques
     Rawls’ theory of justice and its communitarian critique

4] Equality : Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action
     Equality, Freedom and Affirmative Action

5] Rights : Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; Concept of Human Rights
     1) Theories of Rights & Human Rights
     2) Responsibility to Protect
     You can also read Human Rights chapter from Paper 2A.

6] Democracy : Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy—representative, participatory and deliberative
     Theories and Models of Democracy
     Parallely you can also study Politics of Participation and Representation from Paper 2A

7] Concept of power : hegemony, ideology and legitimacy
     Theories of Power

8] Political Ideologies : Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism
     1) Ideology
     2) Liberalism
     3) Socialism
     4) Marxism
     5) Fascism
     6) Feminism
     7) Postmodernism
     8) Gandhism
     9) End of Ideology

9] Indian Political Thought: Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist Traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M. K. Gandhi, B. R. Ambedkar, M. N. Roy
     1) Dharmashastra tradition
     2) Arthashastra (Kautilya’s political thought)
     3) Buddhist thought
     4) Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
     5) Sri Aurobindo
     6) M.K. Gandhi
     7) B.R. Ambedkar
     8) M.N. Roy

10] Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt
     1) Socrates
     2) Plato
     3) Aristotle
     4) Machiavelli
     5) Thomas Hobbes
     6) John Locke
     7) Rousseau
     8) J.S. Mill
     9) Karl Marx
     10) Gramsci
     11) Hannah Arendt

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Ramnivas Gurjar

It is realy very helpful for asst prof rajasthan .plz add more material.
Thanks for provide quality material

Amol chondasare

सर आपल्या कडे मराठीत नोट्स आहेत का कृपया कळवा🙏

Swapnil bhoi

Is this pdfs are enough for psir optional study?


Good for revision and clarity but not enough for optional.


Its enough for writing answers. Trust me..


tannu, which attempt are you preparing for?







Nadeem Mu Zaman

Can I buy it online? Please tell me how to


Yes, Nadeem you can buy it online from:

Even you can buy PYQ books, PSIR Notes (Printed Copy/PDF) & many more from here.
Do visit and let us know your remark.

Swapnil bhoi

Can I buy this psir PDFs in Marathi language form . Please admin provide an option for PDFs in Marathi language.

Juhi vishwakarma

Plz update your site.. Because it’s same since 2020

Amit Singhania

Static portion remains same. Hope you understand.

Sonam Goswami

Is it available in pdf form..,!?


No can’t download but u can see as a PDF form

Abhishek Singh

Bahut help ho rha h sir ji …
Good work hard work ..
Keep it up


can anyone provide me their short notes of the above content, as i don’t have the time to make them because my mains is near. it would be of great help. 🙂

Shaibal Ray
rohit khatri

thank you so much bro 😀


brother ..can you plz
share your short notes for other sections as well

Shivani yadav

Check notes vibhor agarwal Or tushar gupta sir


Thanku so much Rohit. Can u pliz provide notes for other sections if u have it with u?? It will be highly benefitted for us…

Aastha Gaur

Can you please provide short notes of other topics (section) too!!!

Vikas Mandla

Bro can you provide the short notes of otherpaper 1B,2A and 2B


Could you send it paper 2A as well, if possible brother?


Bro please shere paper 2 also

mustafa raza

what are the challenges to ideology in 21st century?
how to approach this question anyone pls help..

Vinay Kumar

Where is QnA section on the site?


Can you give me proper guidance for how to start to study


Start with NCERT of Class 6-12 for Political Science (you will feel that some things are out of place but trust me just go through it once).
After Ncerts you can start with the Topics present here.

First Start Western Political Thought
Second Political Ideologies.

I can go on but how about you do these things first and then i will tell you the rest.
P.S. all the things i mentioned above will take you more than a month of two.



Can you please lower the cost of the pdf notes please ??????


I think the free content has pretty great standard too.


Hello sir, from where i can get these notes in pdf? Is that free of cost?

Master Oogway

Thanks for this. Very Useful. Please consider adding GS material to your website also. Digitising all the content of the UPSC will be very useful for the aspirants. You can refer to material offered by coaching institutes. Thanks!


i want pdf !! where i will get pdf please provide pdf


I am a beginner…. I find this material really comfortable…. but
Is this material enough for UPSC PSIR optional or should I also go through extra books…. Because lot of books are being recommended.. I am confused with that books

Last edited 3 years ago by Saranya

Thank u sooo much….. Good content and format…. Happy to find this website… Thank you for ur hardwork


What is the difference between the content on the site & in the pdf notes?


Great job ? keep doing

ankit rauthan

Bought the your book pdf .. its amazing .. the way i wanted it.. thanks for the initiative..
also plz update IR news on regular basis that will be of much help… tahnk you so much


Hy brthr


My friend recommended this site, i am using it since 1 month, all i want to say is ‘ you did marvelous job ‘ Thank you
no need to carry heavy books
no need to go through all recommended books
just click to ‘politicsforindia ‘




if you add MCQ to all parts , it will be great help


your content is very good . but it seeks some updation …
in Indian political thought = Sri Aurobindo add what is views on cultural
nationalism and his views on swarajya .
Topic Rights = add what is three generation of rights and doctrine of
rights as trumps and what is cultural nationalism.
TOPIC Theory of Justice = add what is social justice , political justice , economic justice , legal justice , what is rule of law , also add Distributive justice + substantive justice + procedural justice

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