According to Catherine MacKinnon ‘there is no feminist theory of the state’. Feminism study ‘power’. They study ‘patriarchy’ and how patriarchy results into the subordination of woman as well as exploitation. For feminists ‘personal is political’ which shows that state is a instrument of patriarchy. According to MacKinnon ‘when I look at the state, state appears male to me’.
Feminists have ambivalent attitude towards the state. On one hand they believe state as an institution of patriarchy, on the other hand, they believe that only state can improve the status of women. Iris Mariam Young has given the concept of differentiated citizenship which justify affirmative action by the state in favor of women.