According to Catherine MacKinnon ‘there is no feminist theory of the state’. Feminism study ‘power’. They study ‘patriarchy’ and how patriarchy results into the subordination of woman as well as exploitation. For feminists ‘personal is political’ which shows that state is a instrument of patriarchy. According to MacKinnon ‘when I look at the state, state appears male to me’.
Feminists have ambivalent attitude towards the state. On one hand they believe state as an institution of patriarchy, on the other hand, they believe that only state can improve the status of women. Iris Mariam Young has given the concept of differentiated citizenship which justify affirmative action by the state in favor of women.
Test Your Knowledge!
1] What is the attitude of feminists towards state?
a) State is an institution of patriarchy
b) Only state can improve the status of women
c) Demolition of state is necessary for women’s liberation
d) Both a and c
Ans: d) Both a and c
2] What does the concept of differentiated citizenship by Iris Young justify?
a) Patriarchical nature of state
b) Inferior status of women
c) Affirmative action by state
d) Exclusion of women from politics
Ans: c) Affirmative action by state