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PSIR 1B-4.2 Legislature – Previous Year Questions – Solved

Model Answers to PYQs (2018-2023)

1] The Speaker represents the freedom and dignity of the House. Examine. [2022/15m/200w/7b]

The Speaker serves as the constitutional head of the Lok Sabha and is responsible for overseeing its functioning. It represents the House in its interactions with the President, the Council of Ministers, and other authorities. The Speaker’s position ensures the freedom and dignity of the Parliament of India.

The Speaker of the Lok Sabha provides a platform where parliamentarians can express their views, debate issues, and hold the government accountable. The Speaker maintains order during debates, allowing diverse opinions to be voiced while ensuring decorum and parliamentary rules are followed.

The Speaker is responsible for making rulings and decisions that are based on parliamentary rules, traditions, and constitutional principles, rather than personal or party biases. This impartiality fosters an atmosphere of trust and respect, contributing to the dignity of the parliamentary proceedings.

The Speaker represents and defends the privileges and immunities of members of Parliament. These privileges include freedom of speech, freedom from arrest during parliamentary sessions, and control over the internal affairs of the House. The Speaker’s role is to protect and preserve these privileges, ensuring that parliamentarians can discharge their duties without fear of retribution and with the dignity befitting their position.

The Speaker maintains order and discipline within the Parliament, promoting the dignity of the institution. They have the authority to take disciplinary action against members who engage in disruptive behaviour, disrespectful conduct, or violate parliamentary rules. By enforcing order and discipline, the Speaker ensures that the proceedings of the Parliament are conducted in a dignified and respectful manner.

Through impartiality, protection of minority rights, preservation of parliamentary privileges, maintenance of order and discipline, and functioning as the constitutional head, the Speaker represents the core values that underpin the democratic functioning of the Indian Parliament. [288 words]

2] Legislative Council is a house without any effective powers. Comment. [2022/10m/150w/5c]

Indian constitution has provided a bicameral legislature at both centre and state levels. However, unlike at the Centre, the Upper House is not constitutionally binding in the legislative structure at the state level. Under Article 169 of the Indian constitution, Parliament may create or abolish the Council in a state if the Legislative Assembly of that state passes a resolution to that effect by a special majority.

The members of the legislative councils are elected indirectly, members are elected for six years and one-third of members retire after every two years. It is considered important for two reasons: it can ensure individuals who might not be cut out for the elections are able to contribute to the legislative process. Additionally, it can keep an eye on hasty decisions taken by the Legislative Assembly.

Yet, the roles and functions of the legislative council are very limited. It has no say in the formation or dissolving of a government. Like Rajya Sabha, a no-confidence motion cannot be introduced in the council. It has no say in the money bill. At the same time between council and assembly, the will or decision of the assembly prevails.

It is very evident that the council is a very weak chamber wielding very little power. This is the reason most states have preferred a unicameral legislature. They are considered unnecessary and a burden on the state budget. They are considered to be avenues for political parties in power and have members in the assembly to give posts to their people. [254 words]

3] Comment on the decline of Indian parliament. [2013/10m/150w/5c]

The post contains answers to the last 6-year papers i.e. (2023-2018). Answers to the previous year questions from 2013-2017 are a part of our book PSIR Optional Model Answers to PYQs (2013-2022)

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