Model Answers to PYQs (2018-2023)
1] The Constitution of India is the ‘cornerstone of a nation’ (Granville Austin). Analyze. [2023/15m/200w/6c]
The characterization of the Constitution of India as the “cornerstone of a nation,” as stated by Granville Austin, is a testament to the foundational and transformative role that the Indian Constitution plays in the country.
At the outset, the Preamble to the Indian Constitution sets forth the ideals and objectives of the nation, including justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity. It represents the moral compass of the Constitution, guiding the nation’s collective aspirations and values, and proclaims India as a “sovereign socialist secular democratic republic.”
The Constitution guarantees fundamental rights to Indian citizens, including the right to equality, freedom of speech and expression, and protection against discrimination. Thus it acts as a tool for promoting social justice and inclusivity. It contains provisions that address historical injustices, promote affirmative action, and aim to uplift marginalized and disadvantaged communities.
Moreover, the Directive Principles of State Policy address issues like poverty alleviation, public health, education, and social security.
The Indian Constitution empowers the judiciary to exercise judicial review, which is a critical mechanism for upholding the rule of law and protecting individual rights.
Its emphasis on values such as secularism, democracy, and social justice, has a profound impact on the nation’s identity, political discourse, and social fabric.
The Constitution of India is rightly referred to as the “cornerstone of a nation” because it not only defines the legal and political framework but also encapsulates the country’s aspirations, values, and commitment to democracy, justice, and individual rights. It provides a sense of unity and purpose for a nation as diverse and complex as India. As a living document, it continues to shape and guide the nation’s development and progress, making it central to India’s identity and governance. [282 words]
2] The Preamble of the Indian Constitution reflects itself as a ‘social contract’. Elucidate. [2022/10m/150w/5b]
The Preamble of the Indian Constitution can be seen as reflecting a “social contract” due to its articulation of the fundamental principles and objectives that form the basis of the Indian state and the relationship between the government and its citizens.
First of all, the Preamble begins with the phrase, “We, the people of India,” emphasizing that the power and authority of the government derive from the citizens. This formulation signifies that the Indian Constitution is a product of the collective will and consent of the people, reflecting the idea of a social contract where the government exists to serve the interests of the people.
The Preamble states the objectives of securing justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity for the citizens of India. These principles reflect the core values of a social contract, where the government assumes the responsibility of ensuring fairness, protecting individual freedoms, and promoting social equality.
Additionally, the Preamble includes the words “Justice, social, economic and political,” indicating that the social contract entails not only civil and political rights but also socio-economic rights. It implies that the government commits itself to provide social and economic justice to its citizens, ensuring their welfare and well-being.
The Preamble affirms that the power and sovereignty of the country rest with the people. This concept resonates with the social contract theory, as it implies that the citizens possess the ultimate authority to shape the governance and hold the government accountable.
In summary, the Preamble establishes the government’s commitment to justice, liberty, equality, and welfare, based on the collective will of the people, thereby creating a social contract between the state and its citizens. [271 words]
3] Mention the founding principles that define India’s Constitution. [2021/10m/150w/5c]
Justice, equality, liberty, and fraternity are the cornerstone values that form the basis of the Indian Constitution. Further, the principles of a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic are also enshrined in the Constitution.
By the Indian constitution, all citizens are guaranteed social, economic, and political justice by the fundamental principle of justice. The freedom of religion is guaranteed by secularism, which also encourages the peaceful coexistence of many religious and cultural groups.
The democratic nature of India’s Constitution emphasizes the power and participation of the people. It guarantees a representative form of government with regular elections, enabling citizens to elect their representatives and have a say in decision-making processes.
Fraternity promotes a spirit of unity and brotherhood among all citizens, transcending differences and fostering a sense of common purpose and shared destiny. The Constitution seeks to create a society based on mutual respect, understanding, and cooperation.
These founding principles guide India’s governance and reflect its commitment to building a just, inclusive, and progressive society. [165 words]
The post contains answers to the last 6-year papers i.e. (2023-2018). Answers to the previous year questions from 2013-2017 are a part of our book PSIR Optional Model Answers to PYQs (2013-2022)