Model Answers to PYQs (2018-2023)
1] Explain the Aristotelian view of politics. To what extent do you think it has contributed to the development of modern-day constitutional democracies? [2021/20m/250w/3a]
In his book “Politics,” Aristotle has explored the nature of the state, its purpose, and the principles of good governance.
An important aspect of Aristotle’s political thought is his notion of the “polity” or the mixed constitution. He advocated for a balanced and moderate form of government that combines elements of democracy, aristocracy, and monarchy.
Aristotle’s emphasis on the common good as the central aim of politics resonates with modern democratic principles. The idea that the state exists to promote the well-being of its citizens is foundational to modern democratic theory, which emphasizes the importance of social welfare, equality, and the protection of individual rights.
Aristotle’s advocacy for a mixed constitution influenced the development of modern constitutional systems. His belief in a balance of power and the importance of checks and balances between different branches of government can be seen in the separation of powers and the establishment of an independent judiciary and legislative bodies in modern democracies.
Aristotle stressed the importance of active citizenship and civic virtue in the functioning of a good society. This idea has influenced modern democracies in their emphasis on citizen participation, civic engagement, and the cultivation of civic virtues such as tolerance, fairness, and responsibility.
His critique of tyranny has contributed to the development of constitutional safeguards and the recognition of the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals.
Aristotle’s emphasis on the common good, mixed constitution, citizenship, and the critique of tyranny continues to resonate in contemporary political theory and practice. [247 words]
The post contains answers to the last 6-year papers i.e. (2023-2018). Answers to the previous year questions from 2013-2017 are a part of our book PSIR Optional Model Answers to PYQs (2013-2022)