Model Answers to PYQs (2018-2023)
1] Comment on Ambedkar’s ideas on constitutionalism. [2020/10m/150w/1d]
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s ideas on constitutionalism were influenced by his experiences as a social reformer, his deep understanding of the principles of liberty, equality, and justice, and his commitment to eradicating social inequalities.
According to Ambedkar, the primary goal of a constitution should be to achieve social justice and equality. He emphasized the protection of individual rights and liberties. He believed that fundamental rights were essential for protecting the rights of individuals and argued that fundamental rights should be enshrined in the Constitution and that they should be enforceable by the courts.
Ambedkar stressed the separation of powers among the branches of government to ensure checks and balances. He also focused on the importance of an independent judiciary to uphold the principles of justice and protect the rights of citizens.
Ambedkar believed constitutionalism should not be limited to the legal framework but should also encompass social reform and education. His ideas had a lasting impact on the framing of the Indian Constitution. His ideas continue to shape the discourse on constitutionalism and social reform in India. [176 words]
2] Discuss Ambedkar’s ideas on Annihilation of Caste. [2018/15m/200w/4b]
Ambedkar’s ideas on the annihilation of caste can be understood through his writings his speeches, particularly his seminal work “Annihilation of Caste.”
Through his writings, Ambedkar argues that democracy can only be achieved when every individual is treated as an equal citizen. He emphasized the need to abolish the hierarchical nature of the caste system and establish a society based on social and political equality. He also believed that inter-caste marriages were crucial in breaking down caste barriers and saw such marriages as a means to erode the rigid boundaries of caste and create a more inclusive society.
Ambedkar also stressed the importance of education in empowering marginalized communities and enabling them to challenge the caste system. This is reflected in the trio of his ideas summarised as LEARN, UNITE and AGITATE.
Ambedkar also recognized that economic inequality was closely intertwined with caste discrimination. He advocated for land reforms, access to economic resources, and policies that would uplift the socio-economic conditions of the lower castes.
Ambedkar argued that mere reform with the caste system would not be enough. He believed in the complete annihilation of the caste system itself. He called for a radical transformation of social norms and structures to eliminate the caste system altogether. [206 words]
The post contains answers to the last 6-year papers i.e. (2023-2018). Answers to the previous year questions from 2013-2017 are a part of our book PSIR Optional Model Answers to PYQs (2013-2022)